One of the major global disasters which have shaken mankind in this generation and grossly affected trade facilitation and the world economy is the prevalence and spread of HIV/AIDS pandemic.
After nearly three decades of the epidemic, the link between HIV/AIDS and economic activities is no longer debatable. Worst hit sectors like transport provide real examples of loss in productivity at industry, sector, country and regional level. It is common knowledge that transport sector doubles the average HIV prevalenve of about 6,7% in the region.
Due to market competitive challenges and globalization driven demands, good transport infrastructure is a prerequisite for a more efficient port service delivery and door-to-door logistics. This must go hand in hand with a healthy workforce. Ports and transit corridor actors must therefore transform strategic plans to include key cross cutting issues such as HIV/AIDS and their impact through the hinterland corridor routes in order to remain competitive.
Similarly the spread of HIV/AIDS along the Transport Corridors is a problem which can best be tackled in joint effort The effect if HIV imposes huge costs on one hand and declining productivity on the other hand. It increases labour costs and loss of skills and experience. It also leads to high staff turnover, high cost in training and replacement, high healthcare and stigmatisation in the workplace and family.