The most important convention regulating and preventing marine pollution by ships is the IMO International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78). It covers accidental and operational oil pollution as well as pollution by chemicals, goods in packaged form, sewage, garbage and air pollution.Ballast Water
Ballast water is shifted by the vessels all around the globe. Flora and fauna contained in the water may cause severe environmental damage. IMO has joined forces with the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), member governments and the shipping industry to assist less-industrialised countries to tackle the ballast water problem.
Ballast Water Problem: A New Challenge for the Shipping Industry by Dandu Pughiuc, Chief Technical Adviser, Globallast, IMO. Paper presented at the GAOCMAO / PDO Conference & Exhibition 2002 "Offshore Arabia - Clean Seas"Technical Cooperation
The responsibility of implementing the instruments developed and adopted by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) lies with the Governments. However, IMO has developed a Technical Co-operation Programme which is designed to help developing countries to improve their ability to comply with international rules and standards relating to maritime safety and the prevention and control of maritime pollution, giving priority to human resources development and institutional capacity-building.IMO Integrated Technical Co-operation Programme 2002-2003
Implementation of IMO Conventions in Eastern and Southern Africa, a paper presented by the IMO Regional Co-ordinator, Mr. J.P. Muindi, during the ISTDG 14 in Johannesburg, September 2001, and during the PMAESA 27th Council Meeting, Arusha, November 2001.